Improved dark blood late gadolinium enhancement (DB-LGE) imaging using an optimized joint inversion preparation and T2 magnetization preparation

Citation:

Tamer A Basha, Maxine C Tang, Connie Tsao, Cory M Tschabrunn, Elad Anter, Warren J Manning, and Reza Nezafat. 2017. “Improved dark blood late gadolinium enhancement (DB-LGE) imaging using an optimized joint inversion preparation and T2 magnetization preparation.” Magn Reson Med.

Abstract:

PURPOSE: To develop a dark blood-late gadolinium enhancement (DB-LGE) sequence that improves scar-blood contrast and delineation of scar region. METHODS: The DB-LGE sequence uses an inversion pulse followed by T2 magnetization preparation to suppress blood and normal myocardium. Time delays inserted after preparation pulses and T2 -magnetization-prep duration are used to adjust tissue contrast. Selection of these parameters was optimized using numerical simulations and phantom experiments. We evaluated DB-LGE in 9 swine and 42 patients (56 ± 14 years, 33 male). Improvement in scar-blood contrast and overall image quality was subjectively evaluated by two independent readers (1 = poor, 4 = excellent). The signal ratios among scar, blood, and myocardium were compared. RESULTS: Simulations and phantom studies demonstrated that simultaneous nulling of myocardium and blood can be achieved by selecting appropriate timing parameters. The scar-blood contrast score was significantly higher for DB-LGE (P < 0.001) with no significant difference in overall image quality (P > 0.05). Scar-blood signal ratios for DB-LGE versus LGE were 5.0 ± 2.8 versus 1.5 ± 0.5 (P < 0.001) for patients, and 2.2 ± 0.7 versus 1.0 ± 0.4 (P = 0.0023) for animals. Scar-myocardium signal ratios were 5.7 ± 2.9 versus 6.3 ± 2.6 (P = 0.35) for patients, and 3.7 ± 1.1 versus 4.1 ± 2.0 (P = 0.60) for swine. CONCLUSIONS: The DB-LGE sequence simultaneously reduces normal myocardium and blood signal intensity, thereby enhancing scar-blood contrast while preserving scar-myocardium contrast. Magn Reson Med, 2017. © 2017 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.